The following terms represent general information which all students should become familiar with in order to gain a better understanding of class conduct and the philosophies of their Tang Soo Do training.
TANG SOO DO – The name of our martial art meaning Defense/Strike with the way of the worthy hand.
MOO DUK KWAN – Organization or “Military” of brotherhood in training to prevent inner and out conflict. Literally-“Moo” meaning military; “Duk” meaning knowledge; “Kwan meaning school.
CHOONG JAE NIM – Chun Sik Kim, President & Founder of the International Tang Soo Do Federation.
SA BOM (NIM) – Master Instructor, Senior Dan member 4th Degree or above. Title of high respect, indicated by a Midnight Blue belt with a red stripe lengthwise through the center. Requires intense training and special testing.
KYO SA (NIM) – Certified “Teacher” or Instructor of Tang Soo Do. Requires special testing for International Tang Soo Do Federation Registration.
SUN BEH – Senior Member
HU BEH – Junior Member
DAN – Degree, holder of Midnight Blue (black) belt.
KO DAN JA – Senior Dan Member
YU DAN JA – Junior Dan Member
CHO DAN BO – Black Belt Canadate
GUP – Grade, holder of color belt under Midnight Blue.
YU GUP JA – Gup Holder
KWAN WON – Student member
CHO BA JA – Beginner
DO JANG – Training Hall/gym
DO BAK – Training uniform.
DEE – Belt
KO MAP SUM NI DA – Thank you.
Commands in Training
CHA RYUT – Attention.
KUK GI BAY RAY – Salute the flag.
BA RO – Return.
ANJOH – Sit.
MUK NYUM – Meditation.
BA RO – Return.
KYUNG RET – Bow.
CHOONG JAE NIM KAY KYUNG RET – bow to Chong Jae (Nim) Chun Sik Kim, President & Founder of the International Tang Soo Do Federation.
SA BOM NIM KAY KYUNG RET – Bow to the Sa Bom Nim.
KYO SA NIM KAY KYUNG RET – Bow to the Instructor.
SAHNG HO KWAN NE KYUNG RET – Bow to each other.
SHI-JOCK – Begin.
SHIO – Relax.
TORA – Turn.
DWEE RO TORA – Turn to the rear.
CHOON BEE – Ready position.
KYO DEH – Change position.
BAL CHA KI CHOON BEE – Ready for kicking.
General Terms in Training
GI CHO – Basic
HYUNG – Forms
DEH RYUN – Sparring
HO SIN SUL – Self-Defense
KYOK PA – Breaking
SOO GI – Hand Technique
JOK GI – Foot Technique
MAHK KEE – Block
KONG KYUCK – Attack
HA DAN – Low Part
CHOONG DAN – Middle Part
SANG DAN – High Part
AHP – Front
YUP – Side
DWI – Back
CHA GI – Kick
KI HAP – ‘’Spirit Breath’’ – Yell
O RIN – Right
WEN – Left
Numbers and Counting
KU RYUNG – To count.
KU RYUNG E MAT CHO SO – By the count.
KY RYUNG UP SHI – Without count.
Korea has two systems of counting. The Korean system and a system adopted from the Chinese called the Sin-Korean. Both are in use, but are used to count different things.
English Korean Sino-Korean
1 Hana il
2 dul e
3 set sam
4 net sa
5 dasot o
6 yosot yuk
7 ilgop ch' il
8 yodul P' al
9 ahop ku
10 yol sip
Numbers and Counting (continued)
English Sino-Korean Korean
20 I sip Summul
30 Sam sip Sorhum
40 Sa sip Ma hun
50 O sip Swin
Abdomen Dan Jun Hand Sohn or Soo Ankle Pal Mok Hair Mori
Arm P'al Heart Shim Jang
Back Tung Heel T'ok
Bone Pyo Knee Mu Rup
Chest Ka Sum Leg Tari or Dari
Chin Tuk Mouth Ip
Collar Bone Swe gol Neck Mok
Ear Kwi Nose K'o
Elbow Pal Coop Solar Plexis Myung Chi
Eye Nun Shoulders O' Kae
Finger Sohn Ka Rak Toes Bahl Ga Rok
Fist Chu Mok Waist Hur Ri
Foot Bahl Wrist Son Mok Forehead Eema Between The Nose & Mouth In Choong
Groin Ko Whan
Basic Hand Movements (Soo Gi)
CHUNG KWON – Forefist
KAP KWON – Backfist
SOO DO – Knife Hand
YUK SOO DO – Ridge Hand
KWAN SOO – Spear Hand
JANG KWAN – Heel of Palm
HA DAN MAHK KEE – Low Block, Front Stance
CHOONG DAN KONG KYUCK – Middle Punch, Front Stance
SANG DAN KONG KYUCK – High Punch, Front Stance
SANG DAN MAHK KEE – High Block, Front Stance
AHNESO PHAKU RO MAHK KEE – Inside/Outside Block, Front Stance
PHAKESO AHNU RO MAHK KEE – Outside/Inside Block, Front Stance
WHEN JIN KONG KYUCK – Side Punch, Horse Stance
CHUN GUL SSANG SOO MAHK KEE – Two Fist Middle Block, Front Stance
HU GUL SSANG SOO MAHK KEE – Two Fist Middle Block, Fighting Stance
HU GUL YUP MAHK KEE – Side Block, Fighting Stance
SSANG SOO HA DAN MAHK KEE – Two Fist Low Block (x-block), Front Stance
HU GUL SSANG SOO HA DAN MAHK KEE – Two Fist Low Block, Fighting Stance
HU GUL HA DAN MAHK KEE – Low Block, Fighting Stance
HU GUL SANG DAN MAHK KEE – High Block, Fighting Stance
HA DAN SOO DO MAHK KEE – Low Knife Hand Block, Fighting Stance
CHOONG DAN SOO DO MAHK KEE – Middle Knife Hand Block, Fighting Stance
KWAN SOO KONG KYUCK – Spear Hand Attack, Front Stance
YUK JIN KONG KYUCK – Reverse Punch, Fighting Stance
TORA CHOONG DAN KONG KYUCK – Reverse Punch, Front Stance
YUK SOO – Defense Punch, Front Stance
YUK SOO DO KONG KYUCK – Ridge Hand Attack, Front Stance
PAL KOOP KONG KYUCK – Elbow Attack
**Note** The term ‘’Tora” meaning reverse, can be applied to all of the above techniques. Tora, meaning the movement of the opposite hand and foot, simultaneously.
Kicking Techniques (Jok Gi)
AHP PODO OLL RI GI – Front Stretch Kick
AHP CHA NUT GI – Front Snap Kick
AHP CHA GI – Front Snap Kick
UP PODO OLL RI GI – Side Stretch Kick
YUP CHA GI – Side Snap Kick
BIT CHA GI – Two o’clock or Ten o’clock Front Kick to the Side Direction
DULL RYO CHA GI – Round House Kick
DWI CHA GI – Back Snap Kick
DWI DULL RYO CHA GI – Back Spinning Kick
AHNESO PHAKU RO CHA GI – Inside/Outside Crescent Hook Kick
PHAKESO AHNURO CHA GI – Outside/Inside Crescent Hook Kick
YUP HU RI GI – Side Hook Kick
MU RUP CHA GI – Knee Kick
E-DAN – Jumping
E-DAN AHP CHA GI – Jump Front Kick
E-DAN YUP CHA GI – Jump Side Kick
E-DAN DWI CHA GI – Jump Back Kick
E-DAN DULL RYO CHA GI – Jump Round Kick
E-DAN DWI DULL RYO CHA GI – Jump Back Spinning Kick
E-DAN DULL RYO DWI CHA GI – Jump 360°Back Kick
Forms are a key element for the progression of out Tang Soo Do Training. It is only natural that basic techniques be transformed into groups of motions which will ultimately prepare our bodies and minds for the realities of defensive conflict. Basic forms consist of single blocks, kicks, and punches patterned to develop control, balance, timing, power, and speed. As forms progress, they are increasingly complex in the combinations of patterns and the application of advance techniques. Perfect form, the union of the mind and body, is truly and art, and the practioner should train with sincerity and a deep commitment to this ideal.
**Refer to the “Promotional Requirements” section of this manual for the Hyung requirement for each Gup level of training.
Deh Ryun (Sparring)
IL SOO SIK DEH RYUN – One-Step Sparring
SAM SOO SIK DEH RYUN – Three-Step Sparring
JA YU DEH RYUN – Free Sparring
JUA DEH RYUN – Sparring From a Sitting Position
WA DEH RYUN – Sparring in a Lying Down Position
BONG DEH RYUN – Stick Sparring
DA SOO IN DEY RYUN – Sparring Against Two or More
TOOK SOO DEH RYUN – Special Sparring
DAN DO DEH RYUN – Short Knife Sparring
SIL CHAY DEH RYUN – Full Contact Sparring
GUN NUHN DEH RYUN – Non-Contact Sparring
SHI JOCK – Start of the Match
GU MAN – Temporary Stop
KAY SOK (SHI JOCK) – Resume Match
SUN SOO EEP JANG – Ordering Contestants to the Ring
SUN SOO WI CHI JUNG NEE – Ordering Contestants to Their Fixed Positions
SHI GAN – Signaling the Timekeeper to Take Time
HAN JOM – One Point
DU JOM – Two Points
SHE JOM – Three Points
E SANG – The End of the Match
BECK (White) or HONG (Red) SOONG – Victory to the Red or White
SHIM SA – Judgment
BEE GIM – A DRAWYONG JANG JON – No Extending the Time of the Match
MOO JOM – No Point
BAN CHUK – Foul
KYONG GO – Warning
SIL JAE DEH RYUN – Contact Sparring
GUN NUN DEH RYUN – Non-Contact Sparring
JA KYOK SAN SHIL – Disqualified
BOOT JAP UM – Holding
SUNG JA – Winner
PAH JA – Loser
**Use of these terms will vary from tournament to tournament. Pay close attention to your Judges and Referees at all times to assure proper understanding of tournament procedures.
"Do" the way!
"VIRTUE" behavior showing high moral standards.goodness, virtuousness, righteousness, morality, integrity, dignity,rectitude, honor, decency, respectability, nobility, worthiness, purity, principles, ethics
The circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things;